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Life Form: Bush
Origin: Tropics and subtropics, tropical America, Australia
Ease of Cultivation: Easy with small difficulties
The Size: Can reach heights of up to 1 – 1.5 m in room conditions and Maximum height of 5- 8m. / Maximum diameter of the crown 3- 4m in outdoor.
Growth: It grows quite intensively.
Temperature: Summer prefers room temperature, it is desirable to cool winter at a temperature 44,6-64,4 ° F
Humidity: High, it is desirable to put the plant in a pot with wet gravel.
Lightning: Sunny place with a light shading. May for a limited period of time withstand low light conditions.
The Soil: It needs ready-made rich acidic soil for general purposes. For a soil of own preparation, take 1 part of the garden land, 1 part of coarse sand or perlite, 1 part of wet peat or humus (leaf land). You can use soil-based peat with the addition of sand or perlite and a small amount of humus. Good drainage and a pot with a hole are required.
Watering: Water abundantly with soft water in summer once a week, and in winter every 7-10 days. Eugenia does not tolerate excess salts in the water. The need for irrigation can be judged by the weakened gloss that has lost its foliage
Fertilizer: From spring to autumn, every 3-4 weeks a complex fertilizer, rich in nitrogen and potassium. It is useful to use organic fertilizers
Reproduction: It is quite difficult to multiply by apical cuttings in summer at a soil temperature of 77 ° F. Plant cuttings in a mixture of peat and perlite and cover with a film. Rooted under conditions of non-directional light. It can be spread by seed from January till March, which remains viable for only a month. They are sown to the surface of the substrate from peat and sand, the top is lightly sprinkled with soil, covered with polyethene and germinated in diffuse light at a temperature of not less than 69,8 ° F. Seeds germinate within 3-4 weeks. It is necessary to dive the seedlings in time. In the future, it is necessary to form the crown, pinching the sprout at the correct height.
Bloom: In summer, creamy-white flowers appear in the panicles. At the site of the inedible flowers develop red and pink berries.
Features of Care: The plant can be grown as a Bonsai. For the summer it is good to take the plant in the garden, but in this case, it can not be placed in direct sun. The plant does not like drafts. It requires regular pruning in the spring and topping. The shrub can be given any shape.
Difficulties: Infestation of aphids, whiteflies red spider mites and mealybugs. With excessive watering, it is possible to develop root rot. Stems lengthen and pale leaves with a lack of light.